FCC Broadcaster Job Categories and Descriptions

According to the FCC, a person is to be listed in the job category which represents the work primarily done by that person. Specific job titles listed below are not inclusive or rigid. The proper categorization of any employee depends on the kind and level of the employee's responsibilities.

Definition of Full Time Employees - Consider "full time" employees all those working 30 or more hours per week.

  1. Officials and Managers - Occupations requiring administrative personnel who set broad policies, exercise overall responsibility for execution of these policies, and direct individual departments or special phases of a firm's operations. Includes: presidents and other corporate officers, general managers, station managers, controllers, chief accountants, general counsels, chief engineers, facilities managers, sales managers, business managers, promotion directors, research directors, personnel managers, news directors, operations managers, and production managers.

  2. Professionals - Occupations requiring either college graduation or experience of such a kind and amount as to provide a comparable background. Includes: on-air personnel, correspondents, producers, writers, editors, researchers, designers, artists, musicians, dancers, accountants, attorneys, nurses, publicists, film buyers, rating and research analysts, systems analysts and programmers, financial analysts, stage managers, cinema photographers, senior staff assistants, personnel interviewers, and continuity directors.

  3. Technicians - Occupations requiring a combination of basic scientific knowledge and manual skill, which can be obtained through about 2 years of post high school education, such as, is offered in many technical institutes and junior colleges, or through equivalent on-the-job training. Includes: engineers, technicians and engineering aides, including: transmitter, studio maintenance and master control engineers, and news camera, news sound, film lab and drafting technicians. Also, film editors, projectionists, and software specialists.

  4. Sales - Occupations engaging wholly or primarily in direct selling. Includes: sales account executives, sales analysts, and account representatives and sales trainees.

  5. Office and Clerical - Includes all clerical-type work regardless of level of difficulty, where the activities are predominately non-manual though some manual work not directly involved with altering or transporting the products is included. Includes: secretaries, production assistants, traffic managers, traffic department employees, telephone operators, junior rating and research analysts, assistant camera technicians, news and feature assistants, billing clerks, mail clerks, messengers, cashiers, typists, key punch operators, bookkeepers, photo lab assistants, librarians, (music, film or other) readers, administrative assistants, tab operators, TWX operators, PBX operators, printing and duplicating operations, production coordinators, ledger clerks, operations assistants, pages and guides, stock clerks, office machine operators, including computer console operators. (The positions of traffic managers and administrative assistants have been included in the office and clerical category because in most instances they are not truly managerial positions. However, those stations that require managerial functions of either position (director of a full department or special phase of the film's operation) may include them in the Officials and Managers category.)

  6. Craftsperson (skilled) - Manual workers of relatively high skill having a thorough and comprehensive knowledge of the process involved in their work. Exercise considerable independent judgment and usually receive an extensive period of training. Includes: electricians, machinists, building construction workers, hair stylists, carpenters, painters, make-up artists, wardrobe person, heating and air conditioning mechanics.

  7. Operatives (semiskilled) - Workers who operate machine or processing equipment or perform other factory-type duties of intermediate skill level which can be mastered in a few weeks and require only limited training. Includes: chauffeurs, mobile messengers, drivers, apprentice carpenters and painters, scenic artists, film department assistants, material handlers. (Apprentices - persons employed in a program including work training and related instruction to learn a trade or craft which is traditionally considered an apprenticeship, regardless of whether the program is registered with a Federal or State agency.)

  8. Laborers (unskilled) - Workers in manual occupations which generally require no special training. Perform elementary duties that may be learned in a few days and require the application of little or no independent judgment. Includes: studio grips, property persons, laborers performing lifting, pulling, piling, loading, etc., carwashers, set up helpers.

  9. Service Workers - Workers in both protective and nonprotective service occupations. Includes: cooks, counter and fountain workers, elevator operators, guards and watchpersons, doorkeepers, stewards, janitors, waiters and waitresses.